Tuesday, 22 August 2023 00:00

Unraveling the Causes of Bunions

Bunions, also known as hallux valgus, are bony bumps that form at the base of the big toe. This condition occurs when the big toe pushes against the adjacent toe, causing the joint to move out of alignment. There are various reasons why bunions can develop. Genetics play a significant role, as individuals with a family history of bunions are more likely to develop them. Wearing ill-fitting shoes, especially those with narrow toe boxes, can exacerbate the condition. As bunions progress, symptoms become more pronounced. Common signs include pain, swelling, redness, and stiffness around the affected joint. Corns and calluses may develop due to friction from overlapping toes. As a bunion worsens, the shape of the foot may change, possibly affecting balance and walking patterns. Early detection and appropriate measures, such as wearing supportive footwear and using padding or orthotic inserts, can help manage symptoms and prevent further deformity. If you have a bunion, it is strongly suggested that you visit a podiatrist who can provide you with relief and treatment options that are right for you.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact one of our podiatrists of Ankle & Foot of Edmonds. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Edmonds, WA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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